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The official U.S. time - snapshot







Women's History Month(March)


You may wish to download the Women's History Month Freebie, a possible Interactive Notebook Activity. Click here:Women's History Month Freebie

Note: I changed the font on the downloadable version.


"Remember no one can make you feel inferior without your consent."

Eleanor Roosevelt

In 1978, a school district in California, organized a "Women's History Week". By 1981, Congress passed a resolution establishing a National Women's History Week and in 1987, Congress created a month, March, to honor the contributions of women and to promote the teaching of women's history.


The following information may be helpfulfor Women's History Month. This year's theme(2020) is "Valiant Women of the Vote". 2020 is the 100th anniversary of women getting the right to vote in the United States!


At one time, women weren't able to do many things because of their gender. Here are some women trailblazers.Being the first, made it easier for other women to follow in their footsteps. Every year, new firsts continue to be made by women. Here is just a sampling of firsts made by women.


Lucy Brewer

First woman marine

1812


Elizabeth Blackwell

First woman to receive a medical degree

1849


Amelia Jenks Bloomer

Publisher/editor of first prominent women's rights newspaper

1849


Harriet Tubman

First woman to run underground railroad to help slaves escape

1850


Lucy Hobbs

First woman to graduate from dental school

1866


Arabella Mansfield Babb

First woman admitted to the bar to practice law

1869


Frances Elizabeth Willard

First woman to become a college president (Evanston College)

1871


Victoria Chaflin Woodhull

First woman to be presidential candidate

1872


Helen Magill

First woman to receive a Ph.D. degree (Boston University)

1877


Belva Ann Lockwood

First woman to practice law before U.S. Supreme Court

1879


Clara Barton

Founder of the American Red Cross

1881


Suzanna Madora Salter

First woman mayor (Argonia, Kansas)

1887


Marie Curie

First women to win  a Nobel Prize AND first person awarded TWO Nobel Prizes(as of 2016)

1903 AND 1911


Mary McLeod Bethune

First woman to establish secondary school that became 4-year accredited college

1904


Blanche Scott

First woman to fly an airplane

1910


Jeannette Rankin

First woman U.S. House Representative (Montana)

1917


Bessie Coleman

First African American Female pilot in USA and first AMERICAN to receive an international pilot’s license.

1921


Hallie Ferguson

First woman governor of U. S. state (Texas)

1924


Amelia Earhart

First woman to be a passenger on an airplane across the Atlantic Ocean (1928)

and first woman to flyacross the Atlantic Ocean.

1932



Jane Addams

First American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize

1931


Hattie Wyatt Caraway

First woman elected to U.S. Senate

1932


Amelia Earhart

First woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean

1932


Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova

First woman to fly in space, aboard Vostok 6

1963


Mary Clarke

First woman to be named major general in U.S. Army

1978


Sandra Day O'Connor

First woman a justice of the U. S. Supreme Court

1981


Sally Kristen Ride

First American woman to reach outer space

1983


Ann Bancroft

First woman to walk to North Pole

1986


Christa McAuliffe

First woman citizen passenger on a space mission

1986


Lt. Col. Eileen Collins

First American woman to pilot a Space Shuttle

1995


Madeleine K. Albright

First woman Secretary of State and highest ranking woman in the U.S. government

1997



Condoleezza Rice

First African-American woman to be appointed Secretary of State

2005


Nancy Pelosi

First woman to become Speaker of the House

2007


Hillary Clinton

First FIRST LADY to become a senator(from NY).First woman to be in a presidential primary and caucus in every state. She would go on to be the first female candidate for President for a major political party(Democratic Party)

2008/2016


Michelle Obama

First African American First Lady

2008


Kathryn Bigelow

First woman to win the Best Director Award

2010


2012

Mary Barra,/p> became the firstfemale CEO of General Motors

2013


Women were allowed to compete in ski jumping events at the Winter Olympics for the first time!

2014


Katie Higgins became the first female pilot of the Blue Angels(US Navy Flight demonstrationsquad)

2014


Megan Brennan

First female United Sates Postmaster General

2014


Carla Hayden

First woman to become the 14th librarian at the Library of Congress

2016


Susan Polgar

First woman in history to achieve the Grandmaster title in chess

2017

Kathy Sullivan

First woman astronaut to do a space walk AND to go into the deepest trench on Earth.(Challenger Deep, Mariana Trench). She is the only PERSON on the planet to have done BOTH

2020

Sunniva Sorby and Hilde Falu Strom

First women to solo at the Arctic over a winter without any male team members. They conducted science experiments on climate change and made observations on wildlife. They had to stay several months longer than planned due to the cornavirus.

2019-2020

Kamala Harris

First African/South Asian Woman to be nominated on a major political party’s ticket(Democratic) for Vice President 2020


Did You Know?

During the Revolutionary War, patriotism had no gender. A number of women worked as spies to help the patriots. Agent 355, her name was never identified, referenced a woman in the Culper Spy Ring. During the American Revolutionary War, the Culper Spy Ring was organized to work to defeat the British. Agent 355 and other members of the spy organization were very important in the colonists being victorious in the War for Independence from England. Agent 355 has been called the "hidden daughter of the American Revolution". Other women who worked as spies included Anna Smith Strong, Lydia Darragh, Emily Geiger and Nancy Morgan Hart, Several women also helped fight and others spread the word of approaching British soldiers during the Revolutionary War. Molly Pitcher carried water to soldiers and helped with a cannon during the Battle of Monmouth. Another woman, Deborah Sampson dressed as a male soldier and joined the army. Margaret Corbin and Ann Bailey were two other women how fought in the war as soldiers. Catherine "Kate" Moore Barry is called the "Heroine of the Battle of Cowpens" for her efforts to help the patriots' victory which was a turning point in the Revolutionary War.


It is estimated that approximately 400-700 WOMEN fought as soldiers during all the major battles of the Civil War including the Battle of Gettysburg, the First Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Shiloh. Since females were not allowed to fight in battles at that time, those women that did become soldiers disguised themselves as men. To disguise themselves, the women had to cut their hair very short, had to wrap fabric to bind their chests and dressed in men's clothing. The women also used charcoal to make a pretend shadow of a beard. Some women wore false mustaches! The learned to walked in a way to not give away their real identity and also adapted a lower voice or not talk very much at all. Some of the women even took up smoking or chewing and spitting tobacco to not cause suspicion. Several women known to have fought as soldiers during the Civil War included Sarah Rosetta Wakeman, Sarah Emma Edmonds, Amy Clarke and Mary Galloway.


During World War 2, women provided a very valuable service as pilots. It was the first time American women would fly military aircraft. The women Air Force Service Pilots(WASPS) flew new planes from factories to military bases such as the B-26s and B-29s. It wasn't known whether these "superfortress" bombers were even safe. The women also tested planes that had been repaired and determining if they were safe before a male pilot would fly in it! Probably, the most dangerous job was that of towing targets attached to a plane. Using REAL ammunition, soldiers shot at the targets for combat practice. Several WASP actually got shot in their feet when a stray bullet went through the plane. Names of women pilots during World War4 2 included Jackie Cochran, Cornelia Fort and Margaret Phelan Taylor.



Questions

  • Are there any areas in which women still have yet to make a contribution?

  • What are 3 character traits of women who have been trailblazers? What would you list as 3 of your best character traits?

  • There is a Hispanic Heritage Month, a Native American Month, a Black History Month and a Women’s History Month. Why do you think such months were established? Do you think there is a need for such months to highlight different groups? Why, why not?

  • If you could interview a woman trailblazer(past or present), who would it be and why? What might be 2 questions you would ask of that person?



  • Sites of interest for additional materials:


    Check out my BOOM CARD Deck on Famous WOMEN!Famous Women BOOK CARDS

    class="p13">2.http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0768462.html Statues built to honor woman


    3.http://www.infoplease.com/quizzes/whmadventurers/1.html Quiz your women's history knowledge(women adventurers)http://www.infoplease.com/quizzes/womenleaders/1.html Quiz your women's history knowledge (women leaders)

    4. Check out the National Women's Hall of Fame, opened in 1979, in Seneca Falls, NY.Check out the inductees to the National Women's Hall of Fame: https://www.womenofthehall.org/women-of-the-hall/



    5.http://www.historyswomen.com/1stwomen.htmlAnother great source of women past and present



    6.http://multiculturalkidblogs.com/2015/03/02/womens-history-month-strong-girls-books-for-kids/ Books to recommend


    Resources:

    Women's History Month: A Webquest on 12 women that made a difference:https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Womens-History-Month-Webquest-501023

    Check out my web quest on famous First Ladies:https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/First-Ladies-of-the-United-States-Wequest-604151

    Reader's Theater Scripts:

    Susan B. Anthony:https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Susan-B-Anthony-A-Readers-Theater-Script-2304130

    Elizabeth Blackwell:https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Elizabeth-Blackwell-A-Readers-Theater-Script-2369216

    Hillary Clinton:https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Hillary-Clinton-Biographical-PlayTo-Tell-the-Truth-Play-613549

    Bessie Coleman: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Bessie-Coleman-AviatorReaders-Theater-Script-1687487

    Michelle Obama: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/First-Lady-Michelle-Obama-Biographical-PlayA-To-Tell-the-Truth-Play-595945

    Eleanor Roosevelt: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Eleanor-Roosevelt-A-Biographical-PlayTo-Tell-the-Truth-Play-590590

    Amelia Earhart: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Amelia-EarhartBiographical-PlayTo-Tell-the-Truth-Play-348663

    Other Plays on Women in History: Dolly Madison, Abigail Adams, Florence Harding, Edith Wilson,Lady Bird Johnson,Sacagawea, Harriet Tubman, Rosa Parks,Rachel Carson, Katherine Johnson, Marian Anderson, and more: https://www.pinterest.com/gailhennessey/gails-tpt-store-social-studies-emporiumand-more/

    Note: Photographs from wpclipart.com(photograph of Elizabeth Blackwell:public domain)

    *Left to right: Harriet Tubman, Amelia Earhart, Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Blackwell





    Check out these resources to learn more about Female Spies during the Revolutionary War, soldiers during the Civil War and Female Pilots during World War 2.

    A. Reader's Theater Script, Women Pilots durign World War 2
    B. Reader's Theater Script, Revolutionary War Female Spies
    C. Revolutionary War Heroine, Kate Moore Barry, Heroine of the Battle of Cowpens, A Reading
    D. Civil War Female Soldiers, A Reader's Theater Script

    Famous Women:Boom Cards